Sun: Full to partial
Moisture: Medium to wet
Bloom Time: Jun-Jul
Bloom Color: Cream
Genotype: Winona, MN (shares a Level II ecosystem, Mixed Woods Plains, with Southeastern Michigan).
Indigenous interactions: In the Great Lakes area, the Meskwaki people used the plant as a love medicine to reconcile a quarreling couple. The Ojibwa made an infusion of the root for fevers. The Potowatomi made extensive use of the plant. Seeds were sprinkled on poultices to increase their effectiveness. A compound with the leaves and seeds was used for gastrointestinal cramps. The dried seeds were smoked to ensure luck while hunting. The seeds were mixed with tobacco and smoked as a love medicine (Moerman, 1998).
This tall, purple-stemmed plant's delicate, cream-colored clusters of flowers (actually sepals) suggest suspended foam, a lovely effect. Useful as a "filler" or backdrop plant uniting the other points of visual interest in your garden. Full to part sun; medium-wet to medium moisture. 6'. Blooms June-July.