Sun: Full, partial

Moisture: Medium-wet to dry

Height: 1-1.5'

Bloom Time: Midsummer

Bloom Color: White

Genotypes: Ypsilanti city and Superior Township, Washtenaw County

Indigenous interactions: Very widely used for a variety of medicinal uses by many indigenous peoples. In the Great Lakes area, the Menominee applied a poultice of dried and powdered leaves on swellings and sores, made a poultice of the leaves for children's rashes, used the top of the plant for eczema, and infused the leaves for a febrifuge. Ojibwe people steamed leaves and inhaled the steam as a headache medicine, made a decoction of the root for skin eruptions, chewed the dried root to apply to skin as a stimulant. They also ceremonially smoked the florets, and placed hte flowers on coals and inhaled the smoke to break a fever. Potowatomi people smudged the flowers on live coals to revive a comatose person. The plant was also smudged on live coals when practicing witchcraft medicine, to repel bad spirits (Moerman, 1998).


This perennial plant features lacy, fernlike leaves and produces flat white flowerheads, with a pleasant spicy smell, that attract butterflies, ants, native bees, flies, beetles, moths, and wasps. It's also a host plant for caterpillars of the Geometrid* and Noctuid/Owlet families of moths.


*This name refers to the caterpillars, which are geometers, or "earth-measurers"...inchworms! 

Achillea millefolium (Yarrow)